Causes and Consequences of Sociality in Bats

Kerth, G. (2008). Causes and consequences of sociality in bats. Bioscience, 58(8), 737-746. ABSTRACT Bats are among the most diverse and most gregarious of all mammals. This makes them highly interesting for research on the causes and consequences of sociality in animals. Detailed studies on bat sociality are rare, however, when compared with the information available forContinue reading “Causes and Consequences of Sociality in Bats”

The Influence of Social Hierarchy on Primate Health

Sapolsky, R. M. (2005). The influence of social hierarchy on primate health. Science, 308(5722), 648-652. Abstract Dominance hierarchies occur in numerous social species, and rank within them can greatly influence the quality of life of an animal. In this review, I consider how rank can also influence physiology and health. I first consider whether it is high-Continue reading “The Influence of Social Hierarchy on Primate Health”

The reactive scope model—a new model integrating homeostasis, allostasis, and stress.

Romero, L. M., Dickens, M. J., & Cyr, N. E. (2009). The reactive scope model—a new model integrating homeostasis, allostasis, and stress. Hormones and behavior, 55(3), 375-389. Abstract Allostasis, the concept of maintaining stability through change, has been proposed as a term and a model to replace the ambiguous term of stress, the concept of adequately orContinue reading “The reactive scope model—a new model integrating homeostasis, allostasis, and stress.”

Homeostasis, behavioral adjustment and the concept of health and disease

G L Engel’s (1953) theory of homeostasis   The psychiatrist G L Engel is famous for his concept of the‘biopsychosocial model’(BPSM), which has been cited, to date, 14109 times:  Engel, G. L. (1977). The need for a new medical model: a challenge for biomedicine. Science, 196(4286), 129-136. Much less cited but, arguably, a more interesting and significantContinue reading “Homeostasis, behavioral adjustment and the concept of health and disease”

Role of Exosomes in the Regulation of T-Cell Mediated Immune Responses and in Autoimmune Disease

Anel, A., Gallego-Lleyda, A., de Miguel, D., Naval, J., & Martínez-Lostao, L. (2019). Role of exosomes in the regulation of T-cell mediated immune responses and in autoimmune disease. Cells, 8(2), 154. Abstract T-cell mediated immune responses should be regulated to avoid the development of autoimmune or chronic inflammatory diseases. Several mechanisms have been described to regulate thisContinue reading “Role of Exosomes in the Regulation of T-Cell Mediated Immune Responses and in Autoimmune Disease”

Homeostasis and consumer behavior across cultures

Parker, P. M., & Tavassoli, N. T. (2000). Homeostasis and consumer behavior across cultures. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 17(1), 33-53. Abstract The focus of this paper is the process of homeostasis by which the body seeks to regulate its internal environment. In particular, we present a global model for a set of consumerContinue reading “Homeostasis and consumer behavior across cultures”

Sleep function and synaptic homeostasis

Tononi, G., & Cirelli, C. (2006). Sleep function and synaptic homeostasis. Sleep medicine reviews, 10(1), 49-62. Summary This paper reviews a novel hypothesis about the functions of slow wave sleep—the synaptic homeostasis hypothesis. According to the hypothesis, plastic processes occurring during wakefulness result in a net increase in synaptic strength in many brain circuits. The role ofContinue reading “Sleep function and synaptic homeostasis”

Consciousness without a cerebral cortex

Merker, B. (2007). Consciousness without a cerebral cortex: A challenge for neuroscience and medicine. Behavioral and brain sciences, 30(1), 63-81. Abstract: A broad range of evidence regarding the functional organization of the vertebrate brain – spanning from comparative neurology to experimental psychology and neurophysiology to clinical data – is reviewed for its bearing on conceptions of theContinue reading “Consciousness without a cerebral cortex”

Mentalizing homeostasis: The social origins of interoceptive inference

Fotopoulou, A., & Tsakiris, M. (2017). Mentalizing homeostasis: The social origins of interoceptive inference. Neuropsychoanalysis, 19(1), 3-28. Is the self already relational in its very bodily foundations? The question of whether our mental life is initially and primarily shaped by embodied dimensions of the individual or by interpersonal relations is debated in many fields, including psychology, philosophy,Continue reading “Mentalizing homeostasis: The social origins of interoceptive inference”