VVIQ: Avoid imitations

A ‘Rolex watch’ sold in a street market is unlikely to be genuine. One avoids an imitator version passed off as the real thing. The VVIQ is a well-known instrument for the investigation of visual imagery vividness. The instrument has been used in multiple published investigations. Recently an alternative version of the VVIQ has appearedContinue reading “VVIQ: Avoid imitations”

Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire (VVIQ)

What is the VVIQ? The VVIQ is a self-report measure of the clarity and liveliness of visual imagery and, in so doing, aims to evoke images that vary in vividness, ambiance, and feeling as well. The instructions state the following: “Visual imagery refers to the ability to visualize, that is, the ability to form mentalContinue reading “Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire (VVIQ)”

I Am Conscious, Therefore, I Am

Abstract Organisms are adapted to each other and the environment because there is an inbuilt striving toward security, stability, and equilibrium. A General Theory of Behavior connects imagery, affect, and action with the central executive system we call consciousness, a direct emergent property of cerebral activity. The General Theory is founded on the assumption thatContinue reading “I Am Conscious, Therefore, I Am”

“God Spoke To Me”: Subjective Paranormal Experience and the Homeostatic Response To Early Trauma

Citation: Marks DF. “God Spoke to Me”: Subjective Paranormal Experience and the Homeostatic Response to Early Trauma. Imagination, Cognition and Personality. 2021;40(3):223-272. doi:10.1177/0276236620934003 Available here. There is a strong connection between subjective paranormal experience and childhood trauma. In this paper I hypothesise that a perception of control in relation to the trauma is brought by homeostasisContinue reading ““God Spoke To Me”: Subjective Paranormal Experience and the Homeostatic Response To Early Trauma”

Investigating the Paranormal: Part II

Parascience has so far failed to produce a single repeatable finding and, until it does, will continue to be viewed as an incoherent collection of belief systems steeped in fantasy, illusion and error. Originally appeared in Nature Vol. 320, 13 March 1986, pp. 119-124.  The first part of this article is here. Psychological Factors ManyContinue reading “Investigating the Paranormal: Part II”